Prague

 
 

Prague is the capital and the largest city of the Czech Republic. The city is situated on the lower flow of the Vltava River, in the middle of the Czech Republic, for which it became the historical metropolis and centre of this territory. It traditionally belongs to the most important economic centres of the Czech Republic.

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The name of the city is derived from the word 'práh' (doorstep) and the legend of its establishing explains this name that duchess Libuše built the city where a settler was carving a wooden doorstep to his house. The Prague Castle is situated in the Hradčany urban area and since 1918 it has served as the seat of the President of the Czech Republic.

Having the area of 570m x 130m, the Prague Castle is, according to the Guinness Book of Records, the largest castle in the world and it is considered the symbol of Prague. Behind the walls of the castle, there are a number of tourist attractions, such as the Saint Vitus Cathedral housing the Czech crowning jewellery, Basilica and Church of St. George.

Shopping zones are located on Na Příkopě and on the Wenceslas Square and the most luxurious boutiques can be found on Parížska Street. The newest shopping centre Palladium, located near the Republic Square - there is a wide offer, efficient prices and quality services.

Prague is home of many sports events, national stadiums and sports teams. They include for example: Prague International Marathon, the most successful and most popular Czech football club AC Sparta Prague, Czech ice-hockey club HC Sparta Praha (Czech Extraliga) and one of the world largest stadiums - the Strahov stadium.

Prague is situated in the Prague Basin of the Prague Plateau. Vltava creates in Prague a large meander, co-called Holešovice curve. Vltava tributaries formed characteristic terrain objects such as the Barrandov Rock, The Girls' Castles, Braniská, the Vyšehrad Rock, Petřín, Letná, Trója, Baba or White Mountain.

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